클리닉소개

THE SEOUL YOUTH CLINIC

연구 및 치료성과

Altered intrinsic cerebellar-cerebral functional connectivity is related to negative symptoms in patients with first-episode psychosis
Journal
Schizophrenia Research
Vol
252
Page
56-63
Author
Soo YunChoi, Minji Ha, Sunah Choi, Sun-Young Moon, Sunghyun Park, Minah Kim, Jun Soo Kwon
Year
2023

Abstract

Background

Negative symptoms in schizophrenia include cognitive and affective dysfunction, such as diminished expression and amotivation. Although the cerebellar posterior hemisphere and vermis are involved in cognitive and affective functioning, previous studies on the neural mechanism of negative symptoms have mostly been confined to the cerebral cortex. This study aimed to investigate whether resting-state cerebellar-cerebral functional connectivity (FC) is altered in first-episode psychosis (FEP) patients and whether this connectivity is related to negative symptoms.

Methods

Resting-state functional magnetic resonance images were obtained from 38 FEP patients and 100 healthy controls (HCs). Using the posterior hemisphere and vermis of the cerebellum as seeds, whole-brain FC was compared between FEP patients and HCs. As cerebellar-parietal cortex connectivity is associated with negative symptoms and sociocognitive dysfunctions in schizophrenia patients, its correlation with negative symptoms was explored in FEP patients.

Results

FEP patients showed hyperconnectivity between the cerebellum and bilateral frontal pole (FP), occipital pole, fusiform gyrus, right lingual gyrus, central opercular cortex, anterior middle temporal gyrus, precuneus, and subcallosal cortex. Hypoconnectivity was found between the cerebellum and left FP, right anterior supramarginal gyrus (aSMG), and cerebellum crus I. FC between the left crus II and right aSMG was negatively correlated with the severity of negative symptoms and diminished expression.

Conclusions

Altered FC between the cerebellum and cerebral regions related to cognitive, affective, and sensory processing was found in FEP patients and was connected to negative symptoms. These results suggest that the cerebellum plays a role in the pathophysiology of negative symptoms in schizophrenia.